What are cookies?
An HTTP cookie (usually just called a web cookie, tracking cookie, or simply cookie) is a text file used for automatic login purposes, or for tracking navigation sessions and saving specific data concerning the users that access a given server. For instance, cookies are used in case of bookmarked websites, or for online “shopping carts” in case of e-commerce.
More specifically, cookies are short data files sent from a server to a web client (usually a browser), which then sends them back to the server (without altering them) whenever the client accesses the same area of the same web domain.
Technical cookies needed for regular website operation
Cookies from social media
Collecting personal information for identification purposes – should we ever need to collect such information, we will explicitly ask for your consent.
Collecting sensitive data without your consent.
More specifically, cookies are used to:
Allow users to log on to a website.
Customise the web page based on the user’s preferences.
Track the user’s paths.
Optimise website management: cookies are important for updates, in that they help gather information on browsing patterns and navigation paths. If a path leads to dead ends, the administrator can take appropriate measures to enhance website navigation.
Many modern browsers allow users to disable cookies. However, some websites may become unusable in case cookies are disabled.
The relevant settings may be customised by the user, who can black- or whitelist websites and enable or disable cookies permanently or for a given period. Users may also filter the cookies used by the server or by links to websites hosted on different servers (mostly for advertisement purposes).
The way in which cookies operate depends entirely on the browser used: the user may choose settings that prevent the browser from accepting, creating and circulating any cookies.